I am constantly amazed at the skills of my students and this project was no exception … especially with regard to the boys. Painting flowers isn’t generally their favorite thing to paint, but it takes a lot of patience to paint botanical illustrations and they were up to the challenge.
They were BEAUTIFUL!
We began with quite a bit of discussion about how the point of botanical illustration is to accurately record the plant in all its forms. Botanical Illustrations began as a scientific study that turned into an art form. Artists work very hard to exactly represent the plant, down to dissecting the pods, showing what it looks like underground (roots, bulbs etc), showing leaves, flowers and other parts in all their different forms. Then they “glaze” watercolor in many sessions to get the colors just right.
I had a wide selection of plastic fruit and flowers for the students to choose from and they started their drawing. Of course, we didn’t worry so much about the roots etc, just the flower/fruit and a stem and leaf. Given our already tight time constraints, they worked exceptionally hard to get as far as they did.
After the sketch was done, students used watercolor pencils to add the color. We talked about the blending of colors and how that helps with low lights and high lights and showing where one pedal ends and another begins (or one grape …) I asked them to work with a minimum of 3 colors … starting with yellow (which I believe to be the foundation color for nearly all things “natural”.
Being fifth graders, they have a really good background in color from all our other classes and they did a remarkable job thinking about color mixing and how it would help or hurt their painting.
All in all, it was a great send-off project for my lovely fifth graders… they are off to middle school! This is my first group that I have taught from first grade on up and I really believe it shows in their work! Good luck to them all!
Second Graders (!) did these fabulous Picasso Heads! They really got into the spirit of Picasso when they drew and “painted” them with oil pastels. It was very exciting to see how they embraced the fact that not everything needs to look exactly like the real thing … even my very linear thinkers stepped out of their comfort zone for this one!
We first talked about the use of color and shapes in art to communicate feelings and meaning in a painting. Using Picasso’s Portrait of a Woman … the use of blue and cool colors, triangle for a tear, a white/open circle where her heart is, shows us she is very sad. We then moved on to the painting, Girl Before a Mirror. This is an excellent example of Picasso’s use of shape and color. Also, Picasso many times would put a line through the face to show that the subject has more than one personality or many sides. He also outlined everything in black to accentuate his color.
Students drew 3 heads that touched … representing a relationship between their characters. They then had to draw a line top to bottom on each head showing the 2 sides of each “person”. Using shapes for features, students began building the personality of their Picasso heads. We talked in simple terms about what shapes might represent. A heart for a mouth, corkscrew for eyes, etc. Of course, crazy shapes for hair is a given!!! After pencil, everyone outlined in Sharpie – their choice of thick or thin lines.
For color, we used oil pastels. I introduce the fact that oil pastels aren’t really glorified crayons. There is a reason for oil pastels. The pastel goes on nice and thick, but pastels are made to be spread and blended like paint! We use Q-tips to make the pastels look like oil paint and get a heavy coating of color. The use of an everyday item in our art always gives the students a little thrill and makes them think, “what else can I use?” (and no one put them in their ears … (-:!)
OUR RESULTS WERE FABULOUS!
Another of my favorites in 2nd grade because it seems everyone is successful with this project. It is so beautiful that everyone comes away with a frame-worthy picture! This project is one of the few that I spend 2 class times on and everyone finishes.
The first time we meet and after discussing Van Gogh and his interest in Japanese Woodcuts and his studies of sunflowers, students draw their LARGE sunflowers on 12×18″ black construction paper (I like Tru-Color). The vase is a simple stencil to help save time and start the “large” process, which can be hard for some at this age. I ask students to decide if their vase is clear glass or ceramic … if it is clear, what will we see?! They then have to draw the stems in the vase, and many times nice marbles or rocks at the bottom for interest. The vase needs to be sitting on something so students draw a line to show a tabletop. This year, I had one student who thought to make his table small and round … very “out-of-the-box” thinking!
After all the pencil drawing is done, cover white glue along the pencil lines. This will protect the black paper when dry and give it the woodcut effect after adding the chalk and pastels. There is a fine line between too much glue and too little or dots instead of lines etc. but in the end they all look beautiful.
DAY 2 – IT IS TIME TO ADD THE COLOR! I found a use for the chalkboard chalk donated by a retiring teacher!!! It brightens our pictures like crazy!! We use the chalk along with 2 kinds of pastels – regular Cray-Pas and Flourescent Gallery Pastels and the contrasts really makes these sunflowers POP! You have to use the chalk first and blend the pastels in last … the oil in the pastels repel the chalk.
I ask that students cover their entire paper with color and show them that by turning the chalk on its side helps with laying a base of color, as well as giving their art a different look from using the tip of the chalk.
Chalk and pastel tends to be very messy and doesn’t adhere to the paper well. To make sure that these masterpieces can be enjoyed for a long time, we spray them at the end to seal everything. Instead of using an aerosol of some kind (hair spray or you can by a non-toxic that still smells terrible) I mix a little white glue with water (about 1 part water to 6-7 parts water) in a spray bottle and spray across the art. Lay it flat to dry and when dry it is ready to mount!
This project is always one I enjoy because I think it brings out the best in the boys. The boys feel free to experiment a little and bring a little craziness to their bust I don’t always see with other projects. Clay seems to be the medium most boys thrive with. Don’t get me wrong … the girls do great job too, but some boys really struggle with drawing and painting and all those fine motor skill activities and clay helps them realize they are creative and artistic! It’s just like playing in the sand box or in the mud at the creek!
By the time they are ready to do clay 3-d heads, students have not only used clay before, but we have talked a lot about the map of the face – where the features belong (did you know your eyes are really in the middle of your head – not up towards your forehead?!?!) and keeping things in proportion. After some review on all these subjects, they are ready to rock and roll! This project is one that ties a lot of concepts together and students are able to pretty much just enjoy what they are doing and everyone is successful!
The clay I use is gray, self-drying clay (a day or 2) and I try to give everyone a pretty generous amount. A 25 pd brick breaks out to at least 65 students. I purchase it at Blick Art. Students can paint or Sharpie details on if they like after the clay dries.
Of course, our most valuable tool when using clay is our hands, but I also give students a simple toothpick, the sculpture tools I make from clothespins and a hook of paper clip, and it just wouldn’t be complete without the garlic press for cool hair. I like using plates for the clay. It really keeps the desks clean and helps with clean-up.
Filed under Clay, Faces, ~Blog~
The past 2 weeks students have been celebrating Chinese New Year and learning about the Chinese culture in general. With that in mind, we made Chinese yo-yos.
We talked about how the Chinese doesn’t have an alphabet, but uses symbols that represent words. I found interesting symbols on the internet and we talked about how the symbol for “heart” looks like a happy face, “fire” looks like a burning fire, “brave” looks like a warrior etc. Of course, I also included the symbols for “Happy New Year” . We also talked about what symbols and colors in general are important in Chinese culture. Lucky colors are red and gold, coins, dragons, chrysanthemums, fish, etc.
We then talked about the brushes used for calligraphy noting that the brush bristles were very thick, long and tapered, which allows artists to “load” their brush with lots of ink and then make the brush strokes very thick to very thin by how hard they pressed down on the brush. Some artists now use pens with nibs or markers that have the 45 degree angle which helps artists get the thick to thin look.
I asked students to design their own “chop” or signature for their yo-yo. Many Chinese artists create their own unique signature or mark that they stamp on all their work. It incorporates symbols that are unique to that artist. I suggested not just the initials, but a picture of something that they loved(a football, book, ballet slippers etc.)
Students received a thin white paper (copy paper) for practicing/tracing, 2 sheets of symbols to trace, black Blick markers with the pen angle, and a yellow paper for the final yo-yo design. After practicing their calligraphy (I was excited because so many decided to free-hand their work instead of copying and with much success!) they put it to the yellow paper! Then they added a little color with their own markers.
The last step is to tape the end of the paper to a thick bamboo bbq skewer (with the end cut off) and rolled it tightly up. We rubber banded it and 10 minutes later the paper was trained and the yo-yo could be used!
I LOVE this project because it introduces an artist who is still alive and painting today, as well as exposes my 5th grade students to a more “modern” medium ~ acrylic paint.
Peter Max’s art is not only eye-catching and appealing to young children, but his subjects tend to the ones that are easily remembered and appreciated. We talk about his influence on pop/psychedelic/60’s art (beatles’ Yellow Submarine), as well as his modern take on painting iconic things and people.
I love the book, The Art of Peter Max by Charles A Riley and we look at many different examples of his very distinctive style. This book is chock full of visuals!
Peter Max paints very freely and doesn’t worry about getting that perfect paint color or line on his page. I encourage NOT cleaning your brush much and just “loading” your brush with 3 different paint colors and just explore the paint and colors. I love the shrieks I hear when I turn the paint plate upside down and hold it there for a minute or so to demonstrate to students the thick paint that doesn’t mix and mingle with other colors like other mediums they are used to using. The unique properties of acrylic paint (we talk about these too) really lends itself to this project and older students appreciate using a medium they have never experienced before. It is so flexible and forgiving they can’t really mess up and the bright colors used make all the paintings beautiful. This project always goes up on the classroom boards afterwards!
I chose the postage stamp theme because it was a different way of looking at the paper and it celebrates all the philanthropy Peter Max has done through his art. I mention that every July 4th, Peter Max paints canvases of the Statue of Liberty and the proceeds of the sale of the painting goes towards her continued restoration and maintenance. At one time, Peter Max painted numerous paintings of Lady Liberty, donated the proceeds and, some say, he single-handedly saved Lady Liberty from disrepair. Peter Max also designed postage stamps to raise money for our National parks – hence the postage stamp theme!
I demonstrate and encourage students to play with the paint and the colors with their brushes. There is lots of dabbing and rolling of brushes to get different effects.
Starting with a stencil of a postage stamp, students trace the stamp outline which will become the paintings frame. After painting and the paint dries, the final step is to cut out the postage stamp!
I absolutely LOVE Paisley patterns. This is my personal version and I am sharing the black and white line drawing for you to fill in with your own color scheme. I like it best with ink pens or markers.
This is a “no brainer” that can be done by kids of ALL ages!
paisley outline to color
Third graders study Indians and do a lot of discussion about how they use natural resources for all their needs. I thought it would be fun to think about how they make their blankets and anything else that is textile related. After some discussion about how the indians (and pioneers for that matter) had no stores that sold fabric etc., we talk about how yarn is created (spun from animal hair) and how they dyed the yarn (plants and minerals). The ancient craft of weaving is found in countries around the world and people have woven yarn and fibers to make useful items for centuries.
We then talk about the weaving process itself and how a loom is made and the weaving is held together. The indians made crude looms by securing tree branches together, then evenly tieing thin string from top to bottom (the warp). Weaving then begins with the “weft” yarn.
Creating a loom with 3 straws is an interesting project because it makes students think about how they can use everyday things to help construct their art. There is an element of problem solving with this project that I like. This project can be a stretch for some 3rd graders because they haven’t quite developed the fine motor skills or the “following directions” skills necessary for success. Usually, everyone comes out with something lovely, however and I think the boys appreciate this project more than the girls!
The biggest challenge is getting students to understand the concept of weaving and catching one straw at a time in an “in – out” and “around” pattern. Once they have their “ah ha” moment though, everyone works really hard to finish. I give directions in a number of ways … verbal, demonstration, and then actually physically help move the hand for some. For some students, it is difficult holding the loom and weaving at the same time. In this case, I masking tape the loom to the desk and that seems to help.
The loom is secured at the top with masking tape, black yarn inserted for the “warp” using sparkly pipe cleaners to catch and pull through, we tie off the multi-colored “weft” string (thank you Wal-Mart), and then the weaving begins!
About 10 minutes before our class is over, I walk students through carefully taking apart their loom and tying off their weaving. Make sure the “warp” threads stay in place! Pull the straws down out of the weaving!
Wallah – they have a bracelet or a bookmark!
As a young child, I always loved making random swirls across a paper and coloring the fractured pieces. It is sort of making something out of chaos. Choosing the color combinations are key to success!
Lately, I have been thinking about my random chaos drawings and thought it would be fun to do again … only with a theme in mind. I was trying to get a stained glass affect and outlined the actual image in black pen, which in hindsight I think was a mistake.
Attached is the black and white version of this peace sign mosaic … what can you do with it?! I would love to see what everyone comes up with! Please share!
peace sign mosaic to color
After a long day of creating masterpieces and cleaning up afterwards, THIS is the look of a job well done! Unfortunately, while we had a great time my hands are a little worse for wear. I am not someone who wears gloves generally (only for liquid watercolor that stains FOREVER) because I lose my “feel”. I am a very tactile person and my hands pay a price. I do like to have decent looking hands and nails though … (-:
I spend about a half an hour after a hard day in the sink removing the fingernail polish (always a light color so chips don’t show!) and the remover also helps take off the paint stains. After that, a good slathering of Aveeno or Burt’s Bees gets things rolling. I usually reapply in half an hour or so and throughout the night. Anyone have good suggestions for lotions etc.?